VIRTUAL MUSEUM An online collection of Stafford history and artifacts

Kidnapping of Pocahontas

While Pocahontas was at Indian Point, English Sea Captain Samuel Argall, decided this was the perfect opportunity to kidnap the Indian princess.  He was hoping this move would encourage Powhatan to free English prisoners. According to tradition, Argall went to Japazaws, “Ye King of Patowmeke,” and said if his wife would lure Pocahontas onto his boat anchored at the point, he would give her a copper kettle.  

Pocahontas and the Marlborough Point Peninsula

From the water, with homes hidden, the Marlborough Point Peninsula near the old Indian Point area, probably looks much like it did during the time of the Patawomecks.  There are two theories about Pocahontas being in this area during 1613.  Some believe that she was living with the Patawomecks and actually married an Indian named Kocoum.  

Man’s Time on Earth

Earth’s age is estimated to be 4.5 Billion Years.

If the Empire State Building represented that age, man’s total existence on Earth (3 million years) would be a thin dime placed at the top.

Recorded history currently dates from 5,000 years ago (in western Asia).

Former Slaves Capable of Economic Viability

After situating the former Conway slaves in Yellow Springs, Ohio, Moncure Conway traveled to Boston.   He had speaking engagements along the way and visits with abolitionist activists Samuel Gridley Howe (shown above) and Julia Ward Howe (author of the “Battle Hymn of the Republic”).

Path of Conway Slaves to Freedom

Georgetown, D.C. to

Baltimore, MD.  to

Pennsylvania to

Columbus, OH. to

Yellow Springs, OH.

A slave saves the Conway House

When Union troops entered Falmouth and marched along the King’s Highway (today’s River Road) a shot was fired. Not knowing if it was from the house or from the grounds, the soldiers damaged the lock and broke down the door. Finding an empty house, they searched each room.

Lacy House Porch

During this First Federal (Union) occupation, Brigader Rufus King’s division was initially headquartered at Chatham, known then as the Lacy House.  King is standing on the bottom porch step, in the center with a white vest.  Lt. Colonel Judson Kilpatrick is on the right.  

84th New York Volunteer Infantry

The 84th New York Volunteer Infantry , 14th New York State Militia.  “14th Brooklyn” were in Stafford during the First Federal Period.  They were known for their distinctive coats and red trousers.  The next slide tells their history for the entire war.

Skirmish at Falmouth

Above is an artist’s depiction of the skirmish on the night of April 18th.  Two cavalry regiments (2nd New York-Harris Light and 1st Pennsylvania) were followed by the 2nd United States Sharpshooters, the 84th New York Infantry, otherwise called the “14th Brooklyn Chasseurs” New York State Militia, and Battery B of the 4th United States Artillery.  

Reconstruction Brings the Beginnings of Black Community

In the 1870s black churches developed in the pockets of Stafford County where African Americans lived. Generally, the churches formed schools and evolved benevolence groups, such as the Union Branch of the True Vine, by which mutual assistance was possible. Community centers thus developed.