84th New York Infantry (14th “Brooklyn” N.Y.S.M.)
The regiment was uniformed, organized and trained as chasseurs a pied – different from, but similar looking to the more ubiquitous Zouaves.
The 84th left Brooklyn for Washington, D. C., May 18, 1861, and was mustered into United States service there on May 25th. Initially in Mansfield’s Command, Defenses of Washington (until June 1861), it was moved to Porter’s Brigade, Hunter’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia, until August 1861. Then it was in Keyes’ Brigade, Division of the Potomac (till October 1861) and in the same brigade in McDowell’s Division, Army of the Potomac until March 1862. Then it was in 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, I Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, until April 1862. The 84th arrived in Stafford with the 1st Brigade, King’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock until June 1862, when it was in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. When it returned to Stafford, the 84th was in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, I Army Corps, Army of the Potomac until June 1863 when it moved to 2nd Brigade of that division and corps until March 1864. It finished its war service in 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, V Army Corps to June 1864.
The 84th fought at First Bull Run/Manassas and in a skirmish at Falls Church before advancing with McDowell in March 1862 on Falmouth/Stafford. It served in Falmouth from April 19-May 25, when it advanced on Richmond and was redeployed to the Shenandoah Valley. Returning to Falmouth in June, it remained until August 1862 and made several probes into Spotsylvania County before fighting in Second Bull Run/Manassas, South Mountain and Antietam/Sharpsburg through October 1862. It returned to Stafford in November 1862, fought at Fredericksburg, participated in the “Mud March” and the Union Army’s “Valley Forge” at Falmouth and Belle Plain. From there it fought at Chancellorsville and left with the Army of the Potomac in June 1863. It then fought at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, before returning to Virginia for the Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863). Before being mustered-out in June 1864, it fought at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Courthouse battles..
Regiment lost during its service: 8 Officers and 154 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 69 Enlisted men by disease. A total of 231 died during the war.