Creation of a Military Intelligence Organization

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Second Federal (Union) Occupation and "Valley Forge" Period

Creation of a Military Intelligence Organization

Hooker’s second greatest reform was the creation of the “Bureau of Military Information.” It became the first all-source intelligence organization in use by the U.S. Army.  The bureau, led by Colonel George H. Sharpe, organized and analyzed combat intelligence from cavalry, spies and scouts, reconnaissance balloons, intercepted signals, prisoner interrogations, and civilian debriefings.                 (Colonel Sharpe is on the left of this Library of Congress photograph.)