Slavery, the critical Southern economic factor, would not die of its own accord. Virginia’s nearly half-million slaves were assessed at $33,000,000 in 1860 value.
Fearful of slave insurrection, Stafford militia grew. In 1851, Hartwood’s company held musters in April and October. Captain George Wellford Cropp’s Company, 45th Regiment of Virginia Militia, contained these families (some are misspelled): “Alexander, Armstrong, Anderson, Benson, Bridges, Bradshaw, Burton, Beach, Ballard, Brown, Bloxham, Bowling, Brooks, Bettis, Butler, Curtis, Conyers, Courtney, Dunnington, Dodd, Dye, Duerson, Ellignton, Ennis, French, Graves, Garner, Groves, Grinnam, Harding, Humphrey, Harris, Heflin, Herndon, Hickerson, Helm, Jackson, Jacobs, Jones, Johnson, Kellogg, Limbrick, Latham, Lunsford, Lane, Littrell, Leach, Monroe, Mills, Nash, Porch, Patton, Patterson, Powell, Rodgers, Rose, Roberson, Smith, Swetnam, Scooler, Stephens, Timberlake, Timmons, and Tompins.”
(Men from many Stafford families would later serve in the Civil War, mainly in the 47th, 30th and 40th Virginia Infantry Regiments, and the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, as well as the Stafford Light Artillery and Fredericksburg Artillery.)